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Causes of Facial Swelling in Dogs

Facial swelling is typically a sign that your dog is experiencing an underlying health condition. Today our Memphis vets share some of the most common causes of facial swelling in dogs and what you should do.

Causes of Face Swelling in Dogs

There are a number of conditions that result in your dog's face becoming swollen. Since swelling is a symptom of an underlying condition, it is often accompanied by other symptoms such as redness, lethargy and loss of appetite to name a few. Below are a few of the most common reasons why your dog's face may be swollen and the other symptoms you may notice:

Allergic Reaction

By far, the most common cause of facial swelling in dogs is an allergic reaction.

Allergies result in an inflammatory response that can lead to hives and/or swelling on your dog's face. Swelling caused by an allergic reaction may be most noticeable around your pup's muzzle and eyelids, accompanied by reddened skin, or behaviors that suggest that your canine companion is itchy and uncomfortable.

Anything from bug bites and bee stings, to vaccinations, medications, food sensitivities, toxin exposure, and pollen could trigger an allergic response leading to facial swelling. Mild reactions typically improve with minimal intervention, but severe reactions require urgent emergency attention.

Dental Problems and Facial Swelling in Dogs

Dental issues are also a common cause of facial swelling in dogs. Tooth abscesses and other dental infections can go deep beneath the gums and cause a pocket to fill with pus, which in turn leads to facial swelling.

Broken teeth, oral injuries, and periodontal disease are all potential causes of facial swelling in dogs as well.

Traumatic Injury

Trauma is capable of causing swelling in dogs just as much as it is in people. A hit to the face with a ball, a fight with another dog or an injury due to a fall or car accident could all lead to facial swelling.

If your dog has experienced trauma to the face, urgent veterinary care is required. As with people, a broken tooth, fractured jaw, or other dental issues can cause a great deal of pain for your pooch.

Tumors & Cysts

Tumors both benign and malignant can lead to facial swelling in dogs. Tumors around your dog's throat, face, and head can cause pressure and pain, and could be cancerous. If you suspect your dog may have a tumor resulting in facial swelling contact your vet right away.

As well as tumors, facial cysts can become large and be confused for swelling. Cysts are fluid-filled growths that are most often benign and only require attention if they grow to an unignorable size.

Facial Swelling in Dogs Treatment

If your dog has a swollen face it is always best to contact your vet. While waiting for your appointment you may want to try applying a cold compress to the swollen area. This may provide some relief and help to reduce swelling.

The treatment for your dog's facial swelling will depend upon the underlying cause. Your vet may recommend further diagnostic testing to help pinpoint the cause of your dog's swelling.

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.

Does your dog's face appear to be swollen? Contact our North Memphis vets right away to book an urgent appointment for your four-legged friend.

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